With the advancement of modern lighting technology, bulbs have gradually become the mainstream choice. When choosing bulbs suitable for your home lighting, different lamp holder types are a key factor. This article will introduce E12 and E14 bulbs and provide guidelines for the correct selection of bulbs.
What are E12 and E14 LED Bulbs?
E12 and E14 are two common socket types for LED bulbs, and they are one of the most popular standard sizes in the LED lighting market.
E12 LED Bulbs: E12 bulbs are also known as "Candelabra Base" (candelabra base) because of its shape like the base of a candle. It is a small lamp holder, about 12mm in diameter. E12 bulbs are often used in smaller lighting fixtures such as chandeliers, wall sconces, and table lamps.
E14 LED Bulbs: E14 bulbs are also known as "Small Edison Screw" because of the similar thread size to regular Edison screw bulbs. The diameter of an E14 bulb is about 14 mm, which is slightly larger than that of an E12 bulb. E14 bulbs are typically used in medium-sized lighting fixtures such as chandeliers, wall sconces, and floor lamps.
Light bulbs come in many shapes, sizes, and wattages. Some of them look very similar – such as the E12 and E14 bulbs – and may seem interchangeable.
But is that really the case?
This article will discuss E12 and E14 bulb bases and explore their fundamental differences. We’ll also cover the different socket bases available on the market.
Let’s get into it!
Are E12 and E14 Bulbs the Same?
E12 and E14 bulbs are not the same because they fit different socket bases. E12 is the standard base type for candelabra bulbs, while the E14 is a slightly larger base type for table lamps and other small fixtures. Therefore, bulbs with E12 and E14 bases are not interchangeable and have different dimensions.
E12 and E14 represent bulb base types, but they’re different. The E12 bulb screw measures 12 millimeters in diameter, while an E14 measures 14 millimeters. Therefore, the European E14 is larger than the American E12 by 2 millimeters.
That tiny size difference (2mm) between E12 and E14 bulbs makes most buyers assume the two are the same.
However, the assumption is invalid as every bulb is unique and different, depending on its cap or screw size.
Despite the considerable similarity between the E12 and E14 bulbs, you can tell the difference, and here’s how.
E12 vs E14: Key Differences
|Common in the US, although they are used in old lighting fittings.||Not common in the US. Most prevalent in Europe, Africa, Asia, New Zealand and Australia.|
|Have a 12-mm diameter screw.||Feature a 14-mm diameter screw.|
|Commonly used in C7 lamps and Christmas decorations.||Common in a variety of small light fittings such as in table lamps, wall lights and chandeliers.|
What E12 and E14 Mean on a Bulb
E12 and E14 refer to the diameter of the lamp holder, also known as the base, on a light bulb. The E stands for “Edison Screw,” and the number that follows it, 12 or 14, refers to the diameter of the base in millimeters.
What’s an E12 Base?
The E12 base is typically used for smaller, decorative light bulbs such as chandeliers and nightlight bulbs. It has a diameter of 12 millimeters (0.5 inches) and is primarily used in the US, where it is the standard size for candelabra bulbs. However, it is also used in other countries, such as Japan and Mexico.
What’s an E14 Base?
On the other hand, the E14 bulb, also known as Small Edison Screw (SAS), has a slightly larger base and is commonly used for household light fixtures such as table lamps and wall sconces. It has a diameter of 14 millimeters (0.6 inches).
The E14 bulb is commonly used in Europe, Asia, and other parts of the world.
Can You Use an E14 Bulb in an E12 Socket or Vice Versa?
You may use an E14 bulb in an E12 socket and vice versa, but you will need an adapter. This adapter acts as a bridge between the two sockets and allows one bulb to fit the other holder.
This adapter is designed to reduce the socket size from E14 to E12, allowing for compatibility between different-sized bulbs and sockets.
When choosing among different light bulbs, you must take note of the following:
- The bulb base corresponds to the diameter of the lamp holder the bulb’s screw goes into.
- The screw on the bulb needs to be smaller to fit into the socket base to ensure that the bulb is securely held in place and can be easily screwed in and out as needed.
- Using a bulb with a screw size that is too large or small for the lamp holder can lead to issues with the bulb not fitting correctly or not making good electrical contact with the socket.
How to choose E12 and E14 LED bulbs correctly?
When choosing between E12 and E14 LED bulbs, there are several key factors to consider to ensure that you choose the right bulb for your home lighting needs.
Brightness (lumens): Brightness is a measure of a light bulb's ability to emit light and is usually expressed in lumens (lm). Choose the appropriate lumen output based on room size and desired brightness. Most LED bulb packages will indicate their equivalent wattage and lumen value for your reference.
Color temperature: Color temperature refers to the color of the light emitted by a light bulb. Higher color temperatures typically produce white light, similar to daylight, while lower color temperatures produce warm white light, similar to the light color of traditional incandescent bulbs. Choose a color temperature that suits your needs and decorating style.
Energy Efficiency: Focus on the energy efficiency rating of the light bulb, usually indicated by the Energy Label. A higher energy efficiency rating means the bulb produces more light with less energy, saving energy and lowering operating costs.
Size: Make sure the size of the LED bulb you choose matches your lamp, especially pay attention to the diameter and length of the bulb, so as not to be unable to fit into the lamp.
Brand and Quality: Choose reputed brands and certified products, this will ensure the quality and reliable performance of the bulbs.
Dimming function: If your luminaire supports dimming function, make sure that the purchased LED bulbs indicate that they support dimming, and understand the dimming compatibility of the bulbs before purchasing.
Warranty and Lifespan: Look at the warranty period and life expectancy for LED bulbs, a longer warranty and lifespan means a more reliable product.
E12 and E14 LED bulbs are two socket types commonly found in modern lighting. Factors such as brightness, color temperature, energy efficiency, size, brand and quality, dimming function, and warranty and lifespan are crucial considerations when choosing an LED bulb for your home lighting needs. By choosing the right LED bulbs, you can enjoy more energy-efficient, long-lasting lighting effects.